Many people know the Zambezi river to accommodate the monstrous Victoria Falls, but understand very little else about it. The Zambezi, in fact, is the 4th longest river system in Africa right after the Nile, the Zaire and the Niger rivers as it flows its course over some twenty five hundred km’s. The river has its origin in Zambia, after which it flows into Angola and along the borders of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe and into Mozambique where it unwraps into the Indian Ocean. Zambezi River means the “Great River” in the local Zambian dialect.
Aside from the spectacular Vic Falls, other significant features are the Kariba dam (some 260 kilometres long and forty kilometres at its broadest point) in addition to the Cahora Bassa dam. Both these dams are used for producing hydroelectric power. The Cahora Bassa system also provides power into the South African electricity grid, aside from providing power to Mozambique. In addition to being a large and important commercial angling resource, the Kariba dam provides superb leisure fishing particularly Tiger fishing, as does the Cahora Bassa dam. To read more about http://www.afrig.co.za you can visit the website
Along its course the Zambezi flows through three regions, namely:
The upper Zambesi , which flows into Angola for some 250 kilometres, where it is joined by some tributaries before turning to the north-west over some highlands before turning south where it produces a floodplain where the river becomes variable in breath during the wet and dry seasons. Victoria Falls indicates the end of the upper Zambezi and the beginning of the middle Zambezi.
The middle Zambezi, which flows from Vic Falls through the Batoka gorge. This gorge supplies the most challenging river rafting for enthusiasts before the river enters the Kariba dam some two hundred and fifty kilometres downstream from the gorge. Lake Kariba is one of the biggest man-made lakes on this planet. This region ends where the Zambezi enters the Cahora Bassa dam in Mozambique.
The Lower Zambezi, which flows from the Cahora Bassa dam to the Indian Ocean some 600 kilometres away.
The Zambezi, in particular the middle region, is a much-loved tourist area offering various hotels in both Zambia and Zimbabwe. The waters above the Vic Falls is extremely rich with fish (reportedly more than 100 species, some of which are endemic to this great river) hippopotamuses and crocodiles. The banks of the river is abundant with mammals such as elephant, giraffe, buffalo and many antelope species. Birds show up in abundance with the remarkable fish eagle a firm favourite with the tourists. Herons, pelicans and egrets also show up in great numbers as a result of fish rich waters.
This area is further a favorite venue for house boats that offer magnificent game viewing and fishing to a large number of tourists as floating hotels. The climate favours activities like rafting, fishing, hunting and game viewing in either high-class style or even self catering style. The choice is yours to discover and enjoy one of the best “bush experiences” Africa has to offer.
There are a variety of travel specialists and air operators that support this area. A substantial selection of holiday accommodation is available, as is car hire services should you choose to enter the area by air.